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Archives :: Processing & Handling :: Thermal & Energy Management

Displaying 321 - 340 of 417 stories.
May 1, 2007
In order to produce ethanol with nearly 100% purity from fermentation broth, conventional processes use a two-step distillation operation, which accounts for almost 55% of the total energy requirements. Therefore, improving the concentration step is a key to reducing the costs of making bioethanol. A promising step in this direction is a new gating membrane being developed by professor Shin-ichi Nakao at...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/fuels/The-cost-for-concentrating-ethanol-may-drop-thanks-to-a-membrane-that-acts-like-a-valve_3257.html
May 1, 2007
If every vehicle in the U.S. ran on fuel made primarily from ethanol instead of gasoline, the number of respiratory-related deaths and hospitalizations would likely increase, according to a study by Mark Jacobson, associate professor of civil and environmental...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/fuels/Is-ethanol-the-answer_3260.html
May 1, 2007
    Fired heaters are used considerably in the chemical process industries (CPI), for heating crude oil in the petroleum refining and petrochemical sectors. Unfortunately, fired heaters are often taken for granted and neglected more than other equipment in terms of operation and maintenance. Proper care and attention to these heaters can prolong run lengths and increase reliability and safe...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/kilns_ovens_and_furnaces/Minimizing-Flame-Impingements-In-Fired-Heaters_3134.html
May 1, 2007
A paper-thin battery, with an electrode made from a redox-active organic polymer film (200 nm thick), has been designed by researchers at Waseda University (Tokyo; edlinks.che.com/6895-547). The polymer has nitroxide-radical groups that act as charge carriers. According to professor Hiroyuki Nishide, this “organic radical" battery presents several advantages over alternative, organic-based...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/power_generation_and_transmission/Flexible-battery_3261.html
May 1, 2007
            Many coal-fired power plants make gypsum and construction materials. But they should also consider manufacturing hydrochloric acid and ethanol. Furthermore, they should consider substituting biomass and waste organics for up to 10% of the coal. The combination of these initiatives would make coal plants much “greener.” Coal is the cost effective way to...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/power_generation_and_transmission/Coal-fired-power-plants-should-become-chemical-manufacturers_3325.html
April 1, 2007
Together with four partners, the Fraunhofer Institute for Chemical Technology (ICT; Pfinztal, Germany; edlinks.che.com/6894-550) has developed an insulation material that is made...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/Sustainable-insulation_3247.html
April 1, 2007
    China's tremendous economic growth and modernization has propelled the nation to a position where its consumption of energy imports outpaces its economy. As the world's third-largest oil importer, after the United States and Japan, China imported a record-high 36.38-million tons of refined oil last year, 15.7% more than in 2005, to fuel an estimated annual economic growth of 10.7%, reports...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/A-better-energy-balance-for-China_3322.html
April 1, 2007
Cleaning the interior of firetubes in oil-, biomass- or coal-fired boilers is a time-consuming task that can normally be done only when a boiler is offline. Now, a system that can do the job automatically while the boiler is in operation is available from Optimum Environmental Technologies B.V. (Arnhem, Netherlands; edlinks.che.com/6894-538). Optimum's Automatic in-line Pipe Cleaning System...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/boilers_and_steam_handling/An-online-tube-cleaning-system-for-firetube-boilers-_3236.html
April 1, 2007
Another online boiler-cleaning system, in this case for coal-fired watertube boilers, is offered by GE Energy (Kansas City, Mo.; edlinks.che.com/6894-539). GE's automated system, called Powerwave+, is more efficient and less expensive than sootblowing with high-pressure steam, the commonly used online method for cleaning the...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/boilers_and_steam_handling/-and-this-one-uses-shock-waves-to-clean-watertube-boilers_3237.html
April 1, 2007
The cost of producing ethanol promises to be reduced by 50% through a process being developed by TNO (Zeist, Netherlands; edlinks.che.com/6894-536). The reason for the dramatic cut is that ligno-cellulosic material is hydrolyzed in a single step, using concentrated sulfuric acid. In contrast, conventional hydrolysis is a two-step process in which...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/fuels/A-cheaper-route-to-ethanol_3234.html
April 1, 2007
Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding Co. (MES; Tokyo, Japan; edlinks.che.com/6894-540), in cooperation with Chugoku Electric Power Co. (Hiroshima, Japan), is building a pilot plant that will produce 5-m.t./d of natural gas hydrate (NGH). The plant, located at Chugoku Electric's Yanai Power Station (Yamaguchi, Japan), is a scaled-up version of MES's 600 kg/d pilot plant, which has been operating since...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/fuels/A-step-closer-to-transporting-natural-gas-hydrates_3238.html
April 1, 2007
A process that yields hydrogen by using solar energy to split water has received one-third of the €1 million Descartes prize, awarded annually for research financed by the European Commission (Brussels, Belgium). The process was developed under the Hydrosol project, headed by the Chemical Process Engineering Research Institute, Center for Research and Technology-Hellas...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/fuels/Solar-electrolysis_3239.html
April 1, 2007
Jet fuel, or other fuels, could one day be produced from cheap animal fats - byproducts of slaughterhouses and meat-processing plants - through a process being developed at North Carolina State University (Raleigh; edlinks.che.com/6894-542). So far, NCSU has tested parts of the...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/fuels/Fuels-from-fat_3240.html
April 1, 2007
Demonstration plants to test six processes for producing ethanol from non-food-based biomass will be built with support from the U.S. DOE (edlinks.che.com/6894-543). Between them, the plants will produce more than 130 million gal/yr of ethanol from cellulosic feeds, including agricultural waste and perennial grasses. DOE's goal is to make cellulosic ethanol cost-competitive...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/fuels/DOE-funds-six-cellulosic-ethanol-plants_3241.html
April 1, 2007
A fungus that is said to be more effective than baker's yeast for the conversion of waste to ethanol has been discovered by researchers at Boras University College (Sweden; edlinks.che.com/6894-544). The fungus, a saprophyte (of the zygomycetes...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/fuels/Fungus-makes-ethanol_3242.html
April 1, 2007
Mascoma Corp. (Cambridge, Mass.; edlinks.che.com/6894-545) and Royal Nedalco (Bergen op Zoom, Netherlands) have signed a license and joint-development...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/fuels/Ethanol-partnership_3243.html
April 1, 2007
Air Products (Lehigh Valley, Pa.; edlinks.che.com/6894-547) and FuelCell Energy Inc. (Danbury, Conn.; edlinks.che.com/6894-548) have begun construction on an advanced hydrogen-energy demonstration station. The station...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/fuels/Tri-generation_3245.html
April 1, 2007
    Free trade agreements, global manufacturing standards and the Internet have made it possible for companies to do business in countries they would not have considered 20 years ago. Open is a world of opportunity, but for processors of pharmaceuticals, semiconductors and other materials that must meet high standards of product purity and performance, the competition is stiffer than ever as...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/power_generation_and_transmission/Target-Costing_3342.html
March 1, 2007
A more efficient process for producing synthesis gas (syngas; hydrogen and carbon monoxide) from natural gas has been developed by JGC Corp. (Yokohama, Japan; edlinks.che.com/6893-541) in cooperation with Osaka Gas Co., Ltd. (Osaka, Japan), as part of a national project supported by the Japan Oil, Gas & Metals National Corp. (Kawasaki). The A-ATG process (for advanced auto-thermal gasification) makes...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/A-new-prereformer-enables-more-economical-production-of-syngas_3220.html
March 1, 2007
  Last month, Diversa Corp. (San Diego, Calif.; edlinks.che.com/6893-546) and Celunol Corp. (Cambridge, Mass.; edlinks.che.com/6893-547) signed a definitive merger agreement to create what is claimed as a new leader in the emerging cellulose-based ethanol industry. The combined company will be the first to posess integrated end-to-end...
http://www.che.com/processing_and_handling/thermal_and_energy_mgmt/fuels/Cellulosic-ethanol_3223.html
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