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October 1, 2007
Rigorous temperature control is required for performing selective catalytic reactions, such as hydrogenation and oxidation (ethylene oxide production, for example), and in reactions where the chemical equilibrium is strongly temperature dependent (Claus sulfur recovery or the CO-shift reaction, for example). Up to now, catalyst-filled, straight-tube reactors have typically been used for such reactions. But...
http://www.che.com/news/A-new-type-of-internally-cooled-reactor-for-selective-synthesis_3387.html
October 1, 2007
Click here for full pdf version of this article - includes all graphs, charts, tables, and author information   As evidenced in the headlines, terrorist attacks, natural disasters and infrastructure failures can occur without warning, creating catastrophic results for an unprepared facility. For this reason, many chemical processors are developing crisis-management plans to preempt, deal with and...
http://www.che.com/news/Will-You-be-Ready-When-Disaster-Strikes_3392.html
October 1, 2007
Click here for full pdf version of this article - includes all graphs, charts, tables, and author information   Wastewater may not be exactly wonderful, but it is certainly fashionable. The global market for industrial water and wastewater equipment is growing at around 20% annually, according to a recent report from market research company BCC Research (Wellesley, Mass.; www.bccresearch.com). Sales...
http://www.che.com/news/Wonderful-wastewater_3393.html
September 1, 2007
Eastman Chemical Co. (Kingsport, Tenn.; edlinks.che.com/6899-534), which has been producing chemicals via coal gasification (flowsheet) since 1983, will build a $l.6-billion plant in Beaumont, Tex., that will roughly quintuple the size of its current production of chemicals from synthesis gas. The company plans to share ownership 50–50 with a financial equity investor. Scheduled for startup in 2011, the...
http://www.che.com/news/Eastman-plans-a-dramatic-increase-in-chemicals-production-from-syngas_3347.html
September 1, 2007
Hollow-fiber membrane tubes that are selectively permeable to oxygen have been constructed by researchers from the School of Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials at Newcastle University (edlinks.che.com/6899-542), in collaboration with the Chemical Engineering Dept. at Imperial College London...
http://www.che.com/news/O2-permeable-ceramic_3348.html
September 1, 2007
ABB (Zurich, Switzerland; edlinks.che.com/6899-546) has agreed to sell its Lummus Global business to Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V. (CB&I; The Woodlands, Tex.; edlinks.che.com/6899-547) for an enterprise value of $950 million on a...
http://www.che.com/news/ABB-divests-Lummus_3349.html
September 1, 2007
Gneuss Kunststofftechnik GmbH (Bad Oeynhausen, Germany; edlinks.che.com/6899-541) has developed a patented technology that significantly increases the surface exchange of molten polymers during vacuum degassing — a technique used to remove residual water and monomers during polymer processing. Compared with conventional twin-screw...
http://www.che.com/news/A-new-spin-on-vacuum-degassing-of-polymer-melts_3350.html
September 1, 2007
ExxonMobil Chemical (Houston, Tex.; edlinks.che.com/6899-543) has commercialized a new process for making butyl rubber at its...
http://www.che.com/news/Butyl-rubber_3351.html
September 1, 2007
A “clean” combustion process that includes carbon dioxide sequestration may get its first commercial-scale tryout in Jamestown, N.Y., where the Jamestown Board of Public Utilities (BPU) is planning to replace two old, coal-fired boilers by a 43-MW circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boiler. Startup is planned for 2012. The BPU and its team of advisers have agreed to incorporate the oxy-coal process in the...
http://www.che.com/news/Scaleup-is-in-the-works-for-a-CO2-sequestration-process_3352.html
September 1, 2007
In order to confirm the performance of its proprietary, high-severity fluid-catalytic-cracking (HS-FCC) process, Nippon Oil Corp. (Tokyo, Japan; edlinks.che.com/6899-533) plans to build a new confirmation-test plant at its Mizushima, Japan, refinery. The unit will have a treating capacity of 3,000 bbl/d when it starts operating in 2010 as part of a joint research project conducted by Petroleum...
http://www.che.com/news/Further-scaleup-for-a-downer-FCC-process_3353.html
September 1, 2007
BASF Corp. (Florham Park, N.J.; edlinks.che.com/6899-536) and CogniTek Management Systems, Inc. (Northfield, Ill.; edlinks.che.com/6899-537) have signed a cooperative agreement to study the combined use of supercritical (SC) CO2 and ionic liquids (Ils) as a potentially efficient way to utilize low-temperature heat sources for power generation. The...
http://www.che.com/news/Putting-ionic-liquids-and-CO2-to-work-in-upgrading-low-temperature-heat-sources_3354.html
September 1, 2007
Blasch Precision Ceramics (Albany, N.Y.; edlinks.che.com/6899-548) has commercialized one-piece hex-head ferrules made of 99.6% alumina for applications in steam-methane reformers. The high-purity alumina is becoming popular as an alternative to high-grade metal alloys...
http://www.che.com/news/Ceramic-ferrules_3355.html
September 1, 2007
Technology for producing nanowires from titanium dioxide, and for fabricating the wires into free-standing membranes and other shapes, is being offered for sale by Intellectual Property Partners LLC (IP2; Atlanta, Ga.; edlinks.che.com/6899-540). The membranes are chemically inert and thermally stable up to...
http://www.che.com/news/Nanowire-membranes-for-use-in-harsh-environments_3356.html
September 1, 2007
Bartec GmbH (Gotteszell, Germany; edlinks.che.com/6899-538) has commercialized Hygrophil DTP, an optical dew-point sensor that uses a patented technique for accurately measuring moisture content and relative humidity (RH) of compressed air and other gas supplies. Conventional sensors that are based on capacitance, changes in resistance or thermal conductivity are limited in both the accuracy and range of...
http://www.che.com/news/An-innovative-twist-improves-moisture-measurement-technology_3357.html
September 1, 2007
BP Alternative Energy (Sunbury, (U.K.; edlinks.che.com/6899-544) and Powerspan Corp. (Portsmouth, N.H.; edlinks.che.com/6899-545) are collaborating to develop and commercialize Powerspan’s carbon dioxide capture technology, called...
http://www.che.com/news/CO2-capture_3358.html
September 1, 2007
Researchers from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s Racah Institute of Physics (Israel; edlinks.che.com/6899-539) have succeeded in programming polymer sheets to bend and wrinkle by themselves into prescribed...
http://www.che.com/news/Bending-polymers-imitate-the-beauty-of-nature_3359.html
September 1, 2007
Mitsubishi Materials Corp. (edlinks.che.com/6899-535), with the project support of Petroleum Energy Center, Japan, (both Tokyo), has developed a new thermal process that uses supercritical (SC) water to crack vacuum distillation residue oil (VR) into clean, lighter oil with a high yield. The lighter oil products from the new process have less metal impurities than alternative cracking processes and the...
http://www.che.com/news/Supercritical-water-cracks-residue-oil_3360.html
September 1, 2007
    Glycerin has over 1,500 known end uses, including applications in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and food products, with the U.S. market alone demanding around 600-million lb/yr. But over the next two years, biodiesel plants are expected to produce an additional 1-billion lb/yr of glycerin as a byproduct (see box below). As a result, the price of glycerin is falling as fast as biodiesel plants...
http://www.che.com/news/Outlets-for-glycerin_3365.html
September 1, 2007
    Kermit the Frog once said, “It isn’t easy being green.” While this may be true, industry is still making the effort. Both in the U.S. and abroad, processors are not only striving to produce environmentally friendly products, but also are becoming more mindful of the impact of their operations. More often than not, cleaning up both products and processes requires the use of...
http://www.che.com/news/The-Green-Revolution_3366.html
September 1, 2007
Plant Watch Petrochina selects Axens for clean fuels projects August 2, 2007 — PetroChina selected Axens’ desulfurization technology for the production of clean gasoline in two of its gasoline-producing complexes. The Jinxi Petrochemical Complex in Liaoning Province will install a 32,800-bbl/d grassroots facility that will be fed by fluidized catalytic cracked (FCC) gasoline. The Dagang Petrochemical...
http://www.che.com/news/September-Plant-Watch-and-Business-News_3405.html
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