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Archives :: Environmental, Health & Safety :: Plant & Personnel Safety

Displaying 181 - 200 of 274 stories.
June 1, 2010
Tracing its origins to 1915, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (the code) [1] has become the established safety standard governing the design, fabrication and inspection of boilers and pressure vessels, as well as nuclear power plant components during construction. Section VIII, Division I of the code addresses pressure vessels operating at either internal...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Decoding-Pressure-Vessel-Design_5726.html
May 1, 2010
Wireless communications have great potential in the chemical process industries (CPI) because they do away with complex and costly cable installations and enable completely new applications. And while a recent wave of successful demonstrations has begun to emerge in the CPI (for more, see CE, Nov. 2009, p. 17–23), a number of hurdles stand in the way of a completely wireless Utopia. In most cases...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/hazardous_substances/Wireless-Communication-in-Hazardous-Areas_5639.html
April 1, 2010
The use of appropriate hazardous-area lighting in the chemical process industries (CPI) is a key factor when it comes to improving overall plant safety and worker productivity, and supporting the best maintenance practices. The potentially hazardous conditions associated with many industrial settings place high demands on the lighting fixtures, and it is essential that pathways, walkways and stairways in...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/A-Safety-Centered-Approach-To-Industrial-Lighting_5566.html
March 16, 2010
The Chemical Business Association (CBA; Crewe, U.K.;  www.chemical.org.uk) and the U.K. Warehouse Association (UKWA; London; www.ukwa.org.uk) have today, 16th March 2010, launched guidance for their respective member companies designed to assist in achieving higher levels of major hazard management.  Major incidents, such as those at Buncefield and Texas City, underline the importance of high...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Safety-performance-indicators-to-assist-major-hazard-management_5527.html
January 19, 2010
ABB (Wickliffe, Ohio; www.abb.com) says its Safety Execution Center in Buenos Aires, Argentina has been certified by TÜV as having in place and applying a Functional Safety Management System (FSMS) for delivery and implementation of safety system projects in...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/safety_instrumentation/ABB-Safety-Execution-Center-TUV-certified_5419.html
December 9, 2009
The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is seeking input on the approach to use in developing its federal standard for combustible dust. In its Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPR) on Combustible Dust, OSHA identified five National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) combustible dust standards that address the hazards of combustible dust processes. Of the five NFPA...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/dust_explosions/OSHA-announces-development-of-a-combustible-dust-standard_5356.html
December 5, 2009
Oseco The Flo-Tel rupture disc detection system (photo) is a noninvasive sensor that operates with a reed-switch and magnet technology. The design avoids several challenges of standard rupture disc sensors. Some...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/overpressure_and_runaways/A-magnet-operates-on-this-rupture-disc-sensor_5334.html
December 4, 2009
ESAB Welding and Cutting Products Purox and Oxweld oxygen cylinder regulators (photo) have a patented design that suppresses internal...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/fire_protection/These-regulators-suppress-internal-cylinder-forces-for-safety_5335.html
October 1, 2009
Household items, such as breakfast cereal, flour, corn starch and sugar are so common that many were left surprised after the 2008 combustible-dust explosion at a sugar refinery in Georgia. Heard in much of the early media coverage was the question “How could sugar explode?” Plant explosions are, thankfully, not routine occurrences. However, when they do occur, it is the unusual event —...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/dust_explosions/Preventing-Dust-Explosions_5138.html
October 1, 2009
Last month, the chemical engineering profession began to feel its first aftershocks from an explosion that occurred nearly two years ago at a plant that most of you would be hard-pressed to recall. The delivery came in an accident report issued by the U.S. Chemical Safety Board (CSB; www.csb.gov). The report determined that the massive December 2007 explosion and fire at T2 Laboratories in Jacksonville...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/overpressure_and_runaways/Dont-wait-to-react_5137.html
October 1, 2009
Compressed gas cylinders are widely used in research, pilot plant, laboratory and small-scale manufacturing and processing operations as a way to provide a convenient, economical and safe source of high-pressure gases for various applications. These gases can be inert, flammable, toxic or oxidizing (or mixtures of any or all), and are typically supplied at pressures from 800 to 6,000 psig, with 2,250 psig...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/process_safety_mgmt/Compressed-Gases-Managing-Cylinders-Safely_5158.html
September 24, 2009
In a final draft report released today, U.S. Chemical Safety Board (CSB; www.csb.gov) investigators said the February 7, 2008, explosion at the Imperial Sugar refinery in Port Wentworth, Ga., resulted from ongoing releases of sugar from inadequately designed and maintained dust-collection equipment, conveyors, and sugar-handling equipment. Inadequate housekeeping practices allowed highly combustible...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/dust_explosions/CSB-reports-its-conclusions-on-the-causes-of-massive-sugar-explosions_5085.html
September 15, 2009
The massive December 2007 explosion and fire at T2 Laboratories in Jacksonville, Fla. was caused by a runaway chemical reaction that likely resulted from an inadequate reactor cooling system, investigators from the U.S. Chemical Safety Board (CSB; www.csb.gov) said in a final draft report released today. Concluding that T2 did not recognize all of the potential hazards of the process for making a gasoline...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Chemical-Safety-Board-finds-explosion-was-caused-by-cooling-system-failure-in-a-runaway-reaction_5070.html
September 1, 2009
Guidelines for Chemical Transportation Safety, Security, and Risk Management, 2nd Edition. By the Center for Chemical Process Safety/AIChE. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 111 River St., Hoboken, NJ 07030. Web: wiley.com. 2008. 166 pages. $125.00 Reviewed by: Stanley S. Grossel, Process Safety & Design Consultant, Clifton, N.J. Hazardous chemical transport poses significant public health and environmental...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/hazardous_substances/Consultant-Stanley-Grossel-reviews-Guidelines-for-Chemical-Transportation-Safety-Security-and-Risk-Management-2nd-Ed-_5010.html
September 1, 2009
Security at many U.S. chemical facilities is currently regulated by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS; Washington, D.C.; www.dhs.gov) under the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standard (CFATS). This rule, however, is about to expire this month, October 2009. All expectations are that CFATS will be extended for a year, while proposed modifications to the standard continue to be debated in the...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/plant_security/CFATS-and-chemical-plant-security_5026.html
August 12, 2009
HIMA (Brühl, Germany and Houston, Tex.), a designer and manufacturer of safety automation solutions, has been selected by Lanxess AG (Leverkusen, Germany) to upgrade an existing ESD (emergency shut-down) system in its hexane oxidation plant located at the Krefeld-Uerdingen Chemical Park, in the North Rhine-Westphalia region of Germany. Lanxess selected HIMA’s HIQuad H51, a safety product...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/safety_instrumentation/HIMA-selected-by-Lanxess-AG-for-ESD-system-upgrades_4995.html
August 1, 2009
By definition, integrated safety instrumented systems (SIS) have the potential to reduce risks. But recent advancement is also enabling the use of more sophisticated instruments and tools that can benefit the process. For these reasons, integrated control and safety systems (ICSS) are receiving recognition across the chemical process industries (CPI). “There have been developments from a technology...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/safety_instrumentation/Todays-SIS-Integrated-Yet-Independent_4973.html
July 28, 2009
Aerial view of Imperial Sugar following 2008 dust explosion and fire (photo courtesy of CSB)   The U.S. Chemical Safety Board (CSB) has released a new safety video depicting how accumulations of combustible dust at worksites can provide the fuel for devastating explosions that kill and maim workers, shut down plants, and harm local economies. Entitled, “Combustible Dust: An Insidious...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/dust_explosions/CSB-releases-new-safety-video-on-dust-explosions_4949.html
June 24, 2009
Mustang (Houston), part of international energy services company John Wood Group PLC, has received Chevron’s (San Ramon, Calif.) Gold Star Award for Safety Excellence, which recognizes contractors with outstanding safety records.  To receive the award, Mustang had to meet strict criteria, including no lost-time incidents or recordable injuries in 2008, while working on Chevron’s El Segundo Refinery...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Mustang-receives-Chevron-safety-award_4885.html
June 1, 2009
Figure 1.  Many self-testing ground- ing clamps also monitor cable condition back to the designed ground point, and will alert the operator if the cable has worked tself loose or is broken We are all familiar with the effects of static electricity in everyday life — the sharp spark we experience as we approach a metal file cabinet or the crackle we feel as we remove a garment made of synthetic...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Avoiding-Static-Sparks-In-Hazardous-Atmospheres_4817.html
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