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Archives :: Environmental, Health & Safety :: Plant & Personnel Safety

Displaying 161 - 180 of 269 stories.
January 1, 2011
Although plant safety should be a top priority every day, there are certain times when extra vigilance is needed to make sure that safety practices are being maintained. This article outlines three periods deemed to be “critical” for plant safety and specific items to pay attention to in these periods.     Three critical periods The following three phases in a production plant’s...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Effective-Plant-Safety-Management_6289.html
January 1, 2011
History is a constant reminder that accidents and catastrophic events can and do occur in process environments. As processes become more complex (for instance, allowing for greater operating temperatures and pressures to be used) and existing basic process control systems (BPCS) and safety systems age, risk reduction becomes more challenging. Regulations from the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Admin...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Safety-Instrumented-Systems-Control-Valves-As-Final-Elements_6290.html
January 1, 2011
With productivity, growth and reliability as constant drivers, the proactive evaluation of all machinery is critically important. In order to gain useful insight, the maintenance team must capture comprehensive data related to machinery operation and carry out a logical interpretation of the data. The conventional language of equipment components — vibration — transmits relevant information...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/process_safety_mgmt/Get-the-Most-out-of-Vibration-Analysis_6294.html
December 1, 2010
      MSA     Software now available for bump testing gas detectors As part of the Altair 4X Gas Detector (photo), a new Altair 4 QuickCheck Station software version is available and is currently installed in production units. This version allows the Altair 4 QuickCheck Station to bump test both Altair 4 and Altair 4X Gas Detectors. — MSA, Pittsburgh, Pa.    ...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Focus-on-Personal-Protective-Equipment_6206.html
November 1, 2010
Following the devastating explosion at the Imperial Sugar Co.’s Georgia factory that killed 14 people, injured many more employees and leveled the facility in February 2008, it was determined by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Admin. (OSHA; www.osha.gov) officials and the U.S. Chemical Safety Board (CSB; both Washington, D.C.; www.csb.gov) that the catastrophe could have been prevented had...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/dust_explosions/Explosion-Prevention_6119.html
November 1, 2010
When tanks are draining, the potential may exist for a swirling vortex to form leading from the liquid surface to any of the bottom-exit or side-exit nozzles connected to downstream piping (Figure 1). One important aspect of the vortex is whether it will entrain air or other gases into the discharge flow. Such vapor entrainment can lead to a host of problems, ranging from vacuum collapse of the supply...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/safety_instrumentation/Predict-and-Prevent-Air-Entrainment-in-Draining-Tanks_6114.html
September 1, 2010
Last month, two significant cracks were found in the cornerstones of conventional thinking about how chemicals in the environment make their way into the human body and other living organisms, possibly leading to damaging effects. The timing is particularly apropos, as the first registration deadline of November 30 approaches for the EU’s regulation on Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/hazardous_substances/Toxicity-under-the-microscope_5949.html
September 1, 2010
As potential threats continue to make headline news around the world, it is clear that the need for security measures is an ongoing process, and that this process requires vigilance. The chemical process industries (CPI) are considered part of the critical infrastructure in the U.S., and as such are regulated by the U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security (DHS; Washington, D.C.; www.dhs.gov) under the Chemical...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/plant_security/Securing-the-Chemical-Process-Industries_5953.html
August 30, 2010
A three-member assessment team led by Johnnie Banks from the U.S. Chemical Safety Board (CSB, Washington, D.C.; www.csb.gov) is deploying to the scene of last week's anhydrous ammonia release at the Millard Refrigerated Services, a warehouse and distribution center in Theodore, Ala., 15 miles south of Mobile. According to media reports, more than 130 members of the public sought medical attention and four...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/CSB-to-assess-ammonia-release-in-Alabama_5970.html
August 4, 2010
The U.S. Chemical Safety Board (CSB, Washington, D.C.; www.csb.gov) has announced that it will be conducting a full investigation into the July 22, 2010, explosion and fire that killed two workers at the Horsehead Holding Co. zinc-recycling facility located in Monaca, Penn. On July 25, the CSB deployed a three-person assessment team to the accident site. Investigators interviewed company...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/CSB-will-investigate-recent-accident-at-Horsehead-Holding-Co-_5909.html
August 1, 2010
June, Safety, ethics on the horizon, p. 5: As a thoroughly schooled, experienced engineer, I have read the news, watched television and listened to the radio for an engineering explanation of what went on as BP lost control of its oil well. All I have heard is name calling, political comments and threats of punishment. Often I have heard that the scientists failed. Actually it was management that failed...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Further-comments-on-safety-ethics_5884.html
August 1, 2010
In any given chemical processing facility, there may be literally hundreds of operational environments that require protection from excessive pressure. Both rupture disks and pressure relief valves, or the two used in combination, help protect against damage to equipment and injury to personnel. While the basic technology for either type of mechanism has not changed much in recent years, tweaking the...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/overpressure_and_runaways/Pressure-relief-Oh-What-a-Relief-It-Is!_5886.html
July 12, 2010
In a recent statement,  Dr. Rafael Moure-Eraso, chairperson and CEO of the  U.S. Chemical Safety Board (CSB, Washington, D.C.; www.csb.gov) expressed that he was saddened by news of the death of a Colorado welder on July 8, while performing what is called “hot work” on a storage tank containing flammables at an environmental remediation company in Englewood, Colo. Hot work is defined...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Chemical-Safety-Board-renews-call-for-hot-work-safety_5844.html
July 1, 2010
Relief systems are the last line of defense for chemical process facilities. Verifying their capability to safeguard equipment integrity becomes important as process plants age, increase their capacities to adjust to new market requirements, undergo revamps or face new environmental regulations. In the past, approximately 30% of the chemical process industries’ (CPI) losses could be attributed, at...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/overpressure_and_runaways/Aging-Relief-Systems-Are-they-Working-Properly_5808.html
June 1, 2010
Any chemical engineer can attest to the fact that safety is an ongoing pursuit in our profession, where we occasionally find our teams taking two steps forward and then one step back. Foreseeing and avoiding every type of equipment malfunction is practically impossible, and even the most diligent, conscientious and experienced professionals are bound to make mistakes. However, when the insightful warnings...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Safety-ethics-on-the-Horizon_5717.html
June 1, 2010
Tracing its origins to 1915, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (the code) [1] has become the established safety standard governing the design, fabrication and inspection of boilers and pressure vessels, as well as nuclear power plant components during construction. Section VIII, Division I of the code addresses pressure vessels operating at either internal...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Decoding-Pressure-Vessel-Design_5726.html
May 1, 2010
Wireless communications have great potential in the chemical process industries (CPI) because they do away with complex and costly cable installations and enable completely new applications. And while a recent wave of successful demonstrations has begun to emerge in the CPI (for more, see CE, Nov. 2009, p. 17–23), a number of hurdles stand in the way of a completely wireless Utopia. In most cases...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/hazardous_substances/Wireless-Communication-in-Hazardous-Areas_5639.html
April 1, 2010
The use of appropriate hazardous-area lighting in the chemical process industries (CPI) is a key factor when it comes to improving overall plant safety and worker productivity, and supporting the best maintenance practices. The potentially hazardous conditions associated with many industrial settings place high demands on the lighting fixtures, and it is essential that pathways, walkways and stairways in...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/A-Safety-Centered-Approach-To-Industrial-Lighting_5566.html
March 16, 2010
The Chemical Business Association (CBA; Crewe, U.K.;  www.chemical.org.uk) and the U.K. Warehouse Association (UKWA; London; www.ukwa.org.uk) have today, 16th March 2010, launched guidance for their respective member companies designed to assist in achieving higher levels of major hazard management.  Major incidents, such as those at Buncefield and Texas City, underline the importance of high...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Safety-performance-indicators-to-assist-major-hazard-management_5527.html
January 19, 2010
ABB (Wickliffe, Ohio; www.abb.com) says its Safety Execution Center in Buenos Aires, Argentina has been certified by TÜV as having in place and applying a Functional Safety Management System (FSMS) for delivery and implementation of safety system projects in...
http://www.che.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/safety_instrumentation/ABB-Safety-Execution-Center-TUV-certified_5419.html
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