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Displaying 341 - 360 of 437 stories.
May 1, 2007
            Many coal-fired power plants make gypsum and construction materials. But they should also consider manufacturing hydrochloric acid and ethanol. Furthermore, they should consider substituting biomass and waste organics for up to 10% of the coal. The combination of these initiatives would make coal plants much “greener.” Coal is the cost effective way to...
May 1, 2007
An integrated energy scheme that combines the generation of substitute natural gas (SNG) from coal, coproduction of biofuel and electricity and near-zero emissions of carbon dioxide, is being developed by Arizona Public Service (APS, Phoenix;, Arizona’s largest utility, with the support of the U.S. Dept. of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL...
May 1, 2007
Metabolix, Inc. (Cambridge, Mass.; and ADM Co. (Decatur. Ill.; will jointly produce Mirel Natural Plastics — a...
May 1, 2007
    A detailed follow up of the cations present in the wastewater of the Monsanto Europe site in Antwerp, Belgium, has led to an increased understanding of changing wastewater treatment plant performance. The chemical process industries' (CPI) other wastewater treatment plants that handle continuously changing mixtures of different manufacturing plant effluents should also consider routine...
May 1, 2007
    Pure water is an essential ingredient in the manufacture of a vast amount of products in the U.S. and, of course, throughout the world. In the industry for which I work, electricity generation, high-purity water is an absolute must for feeding high-pressure steam generators. But of course, steam generation is also important in the petroleum-refining and petrochemical industries...
April 1, 2007
    Get a grip on slippery objects with these chemical-resistant gloves AlphaTEC gloves (photo) are said to be the first chemical-resistant gloves to incorporate Ansill Grip Technology. Designed as a liquid-proof product requiring less force to grip oily or wet objects, the AlphaTEC gloves have been tested at the production sites of 25 major industrial companies throughout Europe. The gloves...
April 1, 2007
A microfabricated device that concentrates pollutants, enabling them to be detected in very low concentrations, has been patented by Somenath Mitra, professor and chair of the Department of...
April 1, 2007
    China's tremendous economic growth and modernization has propelled the nation to a position where its consumption of energy imports outpaces its economy. As the world's third-largest oil importer, after the United States and Japan, China imported a record-high 36.38-million tons of refined oil last year, 15.7% more than in 2005, to fuel an estimated annual economic growth of 10.7%, reports...
April 1, 2007
A process that yields hydrogen by using solar energy to split water has received one-third of the €1 million Descartes prize, awarded annually for research financed by the European Commission (Brussels, Belgium). The process was developed under the Hydrosol project, headed by the Chemical Process Engineering Research Institute, Center for Research and Technology-Hellas...
April 1, 2007
Jet fuel, or other fuels, could one day be produced from cheap animal fats - byproducts of slaughterhouses and meat-processing plants - through a process being developed at North Carolina State University (Raleigh; So far, NCSU has tested parts of the...
April 1, 2007
Mascoma Corp. (Cambridge, Mass.; and Royal Nedalco (Bergen op Zoom, Netherlands) have signed a license and joint-development...
April 1, 2007
Air Products (Lehigh Valley, Pa.; and FuelCell Energy Inc. (Danbury, Conn.; have begun construction on an advanced hydrogen-energy demonstration station. The station...
April 1, 2007
Together with four partners, the Fraunhofer Institute for Chemical Technology (ICT; Pfinztal, Germany; has developed an insulation material that is made...
March 1, 2007
  After nearly a decade of preparation and debate, the European Commission's REACH legislation - a system for the registration, evaluation, authorization and restriction of chemicals - was adopted by the Parliament last December, and enters into force on June 1, 2007. Chemical producers, rather than government authorities, will be legally obligated to conduct and communicate assessments regarding the...
March 1, 2007
In a related story (see above), the EU and China are launching a project, initiated by Sintef (Trondheim, Norway;, to cut global emissions of greenhouse gases. In the three-year, €3-million "Coach" project, Europe will receive emissions quota for CO2 in exchange for "green" coal-fired power plants for China. A twin of the EU's Dynamis...
March 1, 2007
Last month, Total S.A. (Paris, France; launched what is claimed to be the world's first integrated carbon-dioxide-capture and geological-sequestration project. From the end of 2008, up to 150,000 m.t. of CO2 will be injected into a depleted natural gas field in Rousse...
March 1, 2007
For developing a new technology that traps carbon dioxide and other pollutants so they can be removed, researchers from the University of Bath's Dept. of Chemical Engineering ( have received the...
March 1, 2007
DuPont (Wilmington, Del.; has commercialized a patented process that removes more than 97% of trace levels of PFOA (perfluorooctanoic acid), its...
March 1, 2007
The rise of the salty water table in many areas of Australia is threatening a large area of agricultural land. In a two-year research, development and demonstration project, scientists have been looking for ways to solve the problem by producing fresh water as a valuable byproduct of salinity mitigation. The Renewable Energy Group of RMIT University's School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Manufacturing...
February 1, 2007
    Why do governmental bodies regulate VOC (volatile organic compounds) emissions? Because these compounds react with nitrogen oxides to produce ground-level ozone. VOC emissions have many names: hazardous air pollutants (HAPs), non-condensable gases (NCGs), or just plain “organic vapors.” Examples of such emissions in the chemical process industries (CPI) include gasoline and diesel...
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