Archives :: Chementator :: Petroleum Refining
May 1, 2014
North American production of crude oil, driven by a rapid increase in output of “tight oil” from U.S. shale deposits like Bakken and Eagle Ford, is surging. In many, but not all areas, petroleum refiners are incorporating an increasing amount of this cost-advantaged feedstock into their crude-oil-processing slates to capitalize on its discounted price, which is partly a result of a lack of...
September 1, 2013
The petroleum refining sector in India plays a vital role in the country’s industrial development and provides a major source to meet India’s energy requirements. Today, the refining sector satisfies about 30% of the total energy demand of India [ 1]. As of April 1, 2013, the total installed capacity of Indian refineries was 215 million metric tons per year (million m.t./yr), of which 80...
June 1, 2013
An improved H2SO4 process developed by CB&I (The Woodlands, Tex.; www.cbi.com) has now been licensed to three companies, all in China. The first licensee was Ningbo Haiyue New Material Co. Ltd., which is building a 600,000-m.t./yr plant near Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province (CE, December 2011, p. 11). The other two plants, each of 200,000 m.t./yr, are being built by undisclosed companies in Shandong and...
December 1, 2012
The volume of heavy, sour crude oil processed by North American refineries is steadily increasing, and along with it a commensurate demand for hydrogen to upgrade that oil. A steam-reforming process that would allow refiners to produce their own H2 from heavy oil and residuum is being developed by TDA Research, Inc. (Wheat Ridge, Colo.; www.tda.com). Currently, refiners make a lot of their own hydrogen by...
May 1, 2011
An Australian team including CSIRO (Melbourne; www.csiro.au) and the Uni- versity of Newcastle (www.newcastle.edu.au) has developed an alternative pathway for producing ultra-low-ash coal that, the team believes, can be used to fuel diesel engines, thus providing the opportunity for diesel engines to replace steam engines for large-scale base-load power generation. The method involves slurrying and...
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