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Archives :: Chementator :: Biomass

Displaying 1 - 18 of 18 stories.
April 1, 2014
Construction will soon begin at a site in Korea on an anaerobic digester technology that converts organic waste and biomass to methane at high conversion rates, while also producing a fertilizer stream. Technology developer Bioconversions Solutions LLC (Exton, Pa.; www.bioconversionssolutions.com) announced that this first large-scale facility in Korea will be followed by a second in Australia in 2015...
http://www.che.com/chementator/biomass/An-organic-waste-to-biogas-system-to-be-scaled-up-in-first-installation_11604.html
January 1, 2014
Professor Takao Masuda and colleagues at Hokkaido University (Sapporo; www.eng.hokudai.ac.jp/labo/cse), in collaboration with Idemitsu Kosan Co. (Idemitsu; Tokyo; both Japan; www.idemitsu.com), have developed a two-step process that converts wood-based lignin into phenols...
http://www.che.com/chementator/biomass/A-two-step-process-that-makes-phenols-from-lignin_11352.html
October 1, 2013
Fermenting sugar is at the heart of many bio-based chemical and biofuel processes, but obtaining sugars from cellulosic biomass at low cost is an ongoing challenge. A new process using a reusable solid catalyst is capable of breaking down a wide range of waste biomass into fermentable sugars at costs lower than deriving sugar from corn or sugarcane. Midori Renewables (Cambridge, Mass....
http://www.che.com/chementator/biomass/Solid-catalyst-method-for-breaking-down-cellulosic-biomass-cuts-costs_11027.html
September 1, 2013
Researchers from the U.S. Dept. of Energys Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI; Emeryville, Calif.; www.jbei.org) have reported the first demonstration of a one-pot, wash-free process for the ionic-liquid pretreatment and saccharification of switchgrass — a leading potential biofuel feedstock. By combining ionic liquid pretreatment and saccharification into a single...
http://www.che.com/chementator/biomass/A-one-pot-process-to-pretreat-and-saccharify-biomass_10903.html
August 1, 2013
Sapphire Energy, Inc. (San Diego, Calif.; www.sapphireenergy.com) and The Linde Group (Munich; www.linde.com) have signed an agreement, with a minimum span of five years, to commercialize Sapphire’s process for producing crude oil from algae. The agreement expands an existing partnership in which the two companies have developed a low-cost method for delivering CO2 to algae ponds. Linde will now help...
http://www.che.com/chementator/biomass/Linde-to-help-commercialize-an-oil-from-algae-process_10775.html
August 1, 2013
A process that is expected to produce high-octane gasoline from non-food biomass for an average cost of $1.50/gal, depending on feed costs, will be commercialized by Cool Planet Energy Systems (Denver, Colo.; www.coolplanet.com). The company has tested the process in a 200,000-gal/yr pilot plant in Camarillo, Calif., and now plans to install 400 10-million-gal/yr microrefineries across the U.S. by 2020...
http://www.che.com/chementator/biomass/Commercialization-is-set-for-a-biomass-to-gasoline-process_10778.html
July 1, 2013
In April development tests, Cobalt Technologies (Cobalt; Mountain View, Calif; www.cobalttech.com) produced n -butanol at the fermentation scale of 100 m3 per run, demonstrating lower production cost than butanol produced from petroleum. This represents production that is a factor of 10 larger than previous trials conducted at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL; Golden, Colo.; www.nrel.gov)...
http://www.che.com/chementator/biomass/Bio-butanol-scaleup-moves-ahead-with-trials_10641.html
February 1, 2013
Kinki University (www.kindai.ac.jp) and Naniwa Roki Co. (both Osaka, Japan; www.naniwaroki.co.jp) have developed a continuous process for producing a next-generation solid fuel, called Bio-cokes. The process is being used at a new production facility located at Kinki University Research Institute of Bio-cokes (Eniwa City, Hokkaido), established last December. The new facility has four times the capacity...
http://www.che.com/chementator/biomass/Continuous-production-of-Bio-cokes_10168.html
February 1, 2013
Composite liquid and slurry boiler fuels have been produced from mixtures of various waste materials, such as biomass, coal- and crude-oil-processing residues, wood and other combustible substances, in a collaboration between researchers at the University of Rhode Island (Kingston, R.I.) and Podgorny Institute (Kharkov, Ukraine). The researchers have formed a company, InEnergy LLC (Naples, Fla....
http://www.che.com/chementator/biomass/New-boiler-fuels-from-oil-coal-and-biomass-wastes_10169.html
May 1, 2012
This month, Borregaard Industries Ltd. (Sarpsborg, Norway; www.borregaard.com) will start up an integrated, pilot-demonstration plant to further develop a new pretreatment process for converting biomass into lignin and fermentable sugars. Located at the company’s R&D Center in Sarpsborg, the pilot plant will convert up to two metric tons (m.t.) of feedstock per day. The fully integrated facility...
http://www.che.com/chementator/biomass/Scaleup-for-a-new-delignification-process_9252.html
May 1, 2012
The technology surrounding a hydrolysis- and fermentation-based process that is capable of utilizing municipal solid waste (MSW) and biomass waste to produce cellulosic bioethanol at low cost is now available for licensing from its developer, TMO Renewables Ltd. (Guildford, U.K.; www.tmo-group.com). Several of the cost-saving measures depend on the capabilities of a heat-loving bacterium that has been...
http://www.che.com/chementator/biomass/Municipal-solid-waste-is-one-feedstock-for-this-bioethanol-process_9294.html
October 1, 2011
Impending standards requiring that cellulosic ethanol be used in gasoline blending have focused attention on building a capacity for bioethanol from non-food sources. In a development that may begin to meet that need, a plant employing a unique method for fermenting synthesis gas (syngas) to produce ethanol will begin commercial operation in the second quarter of 2012. According to its builder, Ineos Bio...
http://www.che.com/chementator/biomass/Waste-to-ethanol-plant-on-pace-for-mid-2012-operation_8500.html
October 1, 2011
A technique that improves the efficiency of ethanol plants by lowering the cost of dewatering the byproduct stillage (a slurry of corn solids and water) from the fermentation process has been developed by scientists at the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Eastern Regional Research Center (Wyndmoor, Pa.; www.ars.usda.gov). The process has been demonstrated at full scale in a commercial plant...
http://www.che.com/chementator/biomass/Dewatering-enzymes-boost-ethanol-production-efficiency_8514.html
September 1, 2011
Cellulosic biomass pretreated with ammonia undergoes structural changes that make it more susceptible to enzymatic attack, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos, N.M.; www.lanl.gov) and collaborators at the...
http://www.che.com/chementator/biomass/Biomass-pretreatment_8400.html
July 1, 2011
Metso (Helsinki, Finland; www.metso.com) is supplying a 140-MWth biogasification plant to Vaskiluodon Voima Oy in Vaasa, Finland. When it starts up in December 2012, the €40-million gasification plant, which will be located next to the existing 565-MW coal-fired power plant, will convert biomass (mainly forest residues) into a so-called biogas that can be combusted with coal. The gasification facility...
http://www.che.com/chementator/biomass/Finland-becomes-the-home-of-a-large-biogasification-plant_8202.html
June 1, 2011
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. (MHI; Tokyo, www.mhi.co.jp) says it has established technology to produce bioethanol for automobile use by using soft-cellulose, such as wheat straw and rice straw, as raw materials. MHI estimates the fuel cost for a full-scale production plant — accounting for the costs of feed material and its collection and transportation, as well as bioethanol production costs...
http://www.che.com/chementator/biomass/Low-cost-process-for-bioethanol-fuel-demonstrated-in-Japan_8097.html
June 1, 2011
Last month, construction was completed on the world’s first commercial plant to produce a next-generation solid fuel, called Bio-cokes, at Takatsuki, Japan. The renewable material is produced from forest residues and can be used as an alternative to coal-based coke in blast furnaces and...
http://www.che.com/chementator/biomass/Commercial-production-of-Bio-cokes_8102.html
March 1, 2011
The Gas Technology Institute (GTI, Des Plaines, Ill.; www.gastechnology.org) has signed an exclusive worldwide licensing agreement with CRI/Criterion Inc. (Houston; www.cricatalyst.com) to commercialize a GTI process for converting biomass directly into cellulosic gasoline and diesel fuel blendstocks. The technology, called Integrated Hydropyrolysis and Hydroconversion (IH2), is a two-step, continuous...
http://www.che.com/chementator/biomass/Scaleup-is-set-for-a-biomass-to-fuels-process_6428.html

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